Medcal case studies and clinical challenges for NPs and PAs to review and gain insights into clinical challenges encountered in a medical primary-care office setting. Stake provides a critique checklist for a case study report (Table 9)[8]. Case study definition, a study of an individual unit, as a person, family, or social group, usually emphasizing developmental issues and relationships with the environment, especially in order to compare a larger group to the individual unit. statement and It is for this reason sometimes referred to as a "naturalistic" design; this is in contrast to an "experimental" design (such as a randomised controlled trial) in which the investigator seeks to exert control over and manipulate the variable(s) of interest. Bombastic words for essay writing spm. These are however not necessarily mutually exclusive categories. In the social and life sciences, a case study is a research method involving an up-close, in-depth, and detailed examination of a particular case. The case studies provided below are designed to help you identify whether your study would be considered by NIH to be a clinical trial. The case study approach can offer additional insights into what gaps exist in its delivery or why one implementation strategy might be chosen over another. Literary research paper examples referencing sources in a research paper describing a person essay spm medical Case definition study, argumentative essay 7th grade, dissertation droit de la famille l1. Eccles M, the Improved Clinical Effectiveness through Behavioural Research Group (ICEBeRG): Designing theoretically-informed implementation interventions. In our example of evaluating implementations of electronic health record systems, given the restricted number of early adopter sites available to us, we sought purposively to select a diverse range of implementation cases among those that were available[5]. drawing on a particular conceptual framework); respondent validation (i.e. In a collective case study, researchers may choose to present the findings from individual cases separately before amalgamating across cases. A case-control study, like other medical research, can help scientists find new medications and treatments. 2001, 358: 483-488. pneumonia on chest X-ray). 2009, London: Sage Publications Ltd., 4. Expected essay topics for capf 2019 how to answer questions on case study example of essay definition, case study about learning disabilities essay on impact divorce ethics in social work essay. Google Scholar, Pinnock H, Huby G, Powell A, Kielmann T, Price D, Williams S, et al: The process of planning, development and implementation of a General Practitioner with a Special Interest service in Primary Care Organisations in England and Wales: a comparative prospective case study. Miles MB, Huberman M: Qualitative data analysis: an expanded sourcebook. PLoS Med. Synonym Discussion of case. Journal of Information Technology. This prominent stakeholder had already selected the NHS sites (through a competitive bidding process) to be early adopters of the electronic health record systems and had negotiated contracts that detailed the deployment timelines. Our focus was on how the technology was being implemented. It is also important to consider in advance the likely burden and risks associated with participation for those who (or the site(s) which) comprise the case study. Whilst such a schema can be conceptually helpful, it may be appropriate to draw on more than one approach in any case study, particularly in the context of conducting health services research. This approach may be useful in medical education to provide critical analyses of teaching and learning, and to reveal the underlying elements of leadership and innovation. The case is selected not because it is representative of other cases, but because of its uniqueness, which is of genuine interest to the researchers. We would also like to thank the expert reviewers for their insightful and constructive feedback. 1995, 311: 444-446. Case studies are commonly used in social, educational, clinical, and business research. A detailed... Case example - definition of Case example by The Free Dictionary. Here, we focus on the main stages of research activity when planning and undertaking a case study; the crucial stages are: defining the case; selecting the case(s); collecting and analysing the data; interpreting data; and reporting the findings. Som CV: Nothing seems to have changed, nothing seems to be changing and perhaps nothing will change in the NHS: doctors' response to clinical governance. The case study approach. 10.1016/S0140-6736(01)05627-6. Privacy A detailed analysis of a person or group, especially as a model of medical, psychiatric, psychological, or social phenomena. 2005, 18: 463-477. Case study findings can have implications both for theory development and theory testing. This offers the advantage of allowing comparisons to be made across several cases and/or replication. Access is therefore a central consideration; the researcher needs to come to know the case study site(s) well and to work cooperatively with them. An initial coding frame can help capture these issues and can be applied systematically to the whole dataset with the aid of a qualitative data analysis software package. PubMed  PubMed Central  In research, the conceptually-related case study approach can be used, for example, to describe in detail a patient's episode of care, explore professional attitudes to and experiences of a new policy initiative or service development or more generally to 'investigate contemporary phenomena within its real-life context'[1]. A case study is a descriptive and exploratory analysis of a person, group or event. When reporting findings, it is important to provide the reader with enough contextual information to understand the processes that were followed and how the conclusions were reached. By using this website, you agree to our Education dissertation literature review how to write an a level english literature comparative essay the case study is a research method in which Examples of study medical case. The authors declare that they have no competing interests. BMJ. Google Scholar, Yin R: Case study research: design and methods. A theory driven approach to defining the case may help generate knowledge that is potentially transferable to a range of clinical contexts and behaviours; using theory is also likely to result in a more informed appreciation of, for example, how and why interventions have succeeded or failed[13]. PubMed  2006, 1: 1-8. It should therefore be considered when an experimental design is either inappropriate to answer the research questions posed or impossible to undertake. For an instrumental case study, selecting a "typical" case can work well[8]. BMC Medical Research Methodology Lancet. Case study definition: A case study is a written account that gives detailed information about a person, group,... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples 10.1108/09513550510608903. In order to develop a thorough understanding of the case, the case study approach usually involves the collection of multiple sources of evidence, using a range of quantitative (e.g. CAS  case study definition: 1. a detailed account giving information about the development of a person, group, or thing…. Case study definition is - an intensive analysis of an individual unit (such as a person or community) stressing developmental factors in relation to environment. The case study approach allows in-depth, multi-faceted explorations of complex issues in their real-life settings. Pearson P, Steven A, Howe A, Sheikh A, Ashcroft D, Smith P, the Patient Safety Education Study Group: Learning about patient safety: organisational context and culture in the education of healthcare professionals. A nursing case study is a detailed study of an individual patient, which allows you to gain more information about the symptoms and the medical history of a patient and provide the proper diagnoses of the patient’s illness based on the symptoms he or she experienced and other affecting factors. A case definition defines a case by placing limits on time, person and place. These theoretical lenses should not, however, constitute a strait-jacket and the cases should not be "forced to fit" the particular theoretical framework that is being employed. BMJ. 2005, Cheltenham, UK: Northampton, MA, USA: Edward Elgar, Blakie N: Approaches to Social Enquiry. Doolin B: Power and resistance in the implementation of a medical management information system. Crucially, each case should have a pre-defined boundary which clarifies the nature and time period covered by the case study (i.e. case Epidemiology A countable instance in the population or study group of a particular disease, health disorder, or condition under investigation; sometimes, an individual with the particular disease. What does case study mean? Case definitions are used in ongoing public health surveillance to track the occurrence and distribution of disease within a given area, as well as during outbreak investigations in field epidemiology. Such judgements will inevitably be influenced by a range of factors, including the research question, theory of interest, the scope and richness of the gathered data and the resources available to the research team. A case study can be defined in a variety of ways (Table 5), the central tenet being the need to explore an event or phenomenon in depth and in its natural context. 2. a. 2009, 6 (10): 1-11. Stake RE: The art of case study research. 10.1136/bmj.320.7226.50. When investigating the formal and informal ways undergraduate students learn about patient safety (Table 4), for example, we rapidly accumulated a large quantity of data. Cookies policy. International Journal of Public Sector Management. This was, for example, the case in our study of the recruitment of minority ethnic participants into asthma research (Table 1) as our earlier work had demonstrated the marginalisation of minority ethnic people with asthma, despite evidence of disproportionate asthma morbidity[14, 15]. Presenting detailed critiques, typically of one or more patients, aims to provide insights into aspects of the clinical case and, in doing so, illustrate broader lessons that may be learnt. 2005, 365 (9456): 312-7. interviews, focus groups and observations). We are grateful to the participants and colleagues who contributed to the individual case studies that we have drawn on. In the example given in Table 3, we decided against providing detailed information on the NHS sites and individual participants in order to avoid the risk of inadvertent disclosure of identities[5, 25]. An underlying assumption is that data collected in different ways should lead to similar conclusions, and approaching the same issue from different angles can help develop a holistic picture of the phenomenon (Table 2)[4]. For example, we drew on a socio-technical framework to help explain the connections between different elements - technology; people; and the organisational settings within which they worked - in our study of the introduction of electronic health record systems (Table 3)[5]. Doolin B: Information technology as disciplinary technology: being critical in interpretative research on information systems. Cite this article. Report for the National Co-ordinating Centre for NHS Service Delivery and Organisation R&D (NCCSDO). PubMed Central  10.1177/1534735407313395. George AL, Bennett A: Case studies and theory development in the social sciences. This in turn can help develop or refine theory, as shown in our study of the teaching of patient safety in undergraduate curricula (Table 4)[6, 10]. Case study research has sometimes been criticised for lacking scientific rigour and providing little basis for generalisation (i.e. This highlights a more general point of the importance of avoiding the temptation to collect as much data as possible; adequate time also needs to be set aside for data analysis and interpretation of what are often highly complex datasets. Care must be taken to ensure the anonymity of both case sites and individual participants (if agreed in advance) by allocating appropriate codes or withholding descriptors. Context: Case study research (CSR) is a research approach that guides holistic investigation of a real phenomenon. Yin R: Enhancing the quality of case studies in health services research. questionnaires, audits and analysis of routinely collected healthcare data) and more commonly qualitative techniques (e.g. J Health Serv Res Policy. Pursuing this same example, when does the process of implementation and adoption of an electronic health record system really begin or end? 10.1016/S0168-8510(01)00187-7. Google Scholar. In an intrinsic case study, the case is selected on its own merits[8]. How to use case in a sentence. 2002, 60 (1): 17-37. In collective case studies, it is helpful to analyse data relating to the individual component cases first, before making comparisons across cases. BMC Med Inform Decis Mak. 2001, 322: 1115-1117. case-control study: a nonexperimental research design using an epidemiological approach in which previous cases of the condition are used in lieu of new information gathered from a randomized population. Our thanks are also due to Dr. Allison Worth who commented on an earlier draft of this manuscript. Case studies are good for describing, comparing, evaluating and understanding different aspects of a research problem. PubMed Central  Bloomfield BP, Best A: Management consultants: systems development, power and the translation of problems. producing findings that may be transferable to other settings)[1]. Google Scholar, King G, Keohane R, Verba S: Designing Social Inquiry. participants checking emerging findings and the researcher's interpretation, and providing an opinion as to whether they feel these are accurate); and transparency throughout the research process (see Table 8)[8, 18–21, 23, 26]. case study EBM (1) An in-depth analysis and systematic description of one patient or group of similar patients to promote a detailed understanding of their circumstances. 10.1057/jit.1998.8. 2004, 14: 343-362. Google Scholar. Carefully formulated research question(s), informed by the existing literature and a prior appreciation of the theoretical issues and setting(s), are all important in appropriately and succinctly defining the case[8, 12]. Although our study focusing on the introduction of General Practitioners with Specialist Interests (Table 2) was explicitly collective in design (four contrasting primary care organisations were studied), is was also instrumental in that this particular professional group was studied as an exemplar of the more general phenomenon of workforce redesign[4]. It is an established research design that is used extensively in a wide variety of disciplines, particularly in the social sciences. Shanks G, Parr A: Positivist, single case study research in information systems: A critical analysis. Pope C, Ziebland S, Mays N: Analysing qualitative data. Brazier and colleagues used a mixed-methods case study approach to investigate the impact of a cancer care programme[22]. case study design an investigation strategy involving extensive exploration of a single unit of study, which may be a person, family, group, community, or institution, or a very small number of subjects who are examined intensively. Choosing a "typical" case may enable the findings to be generalised to theory (i.e. Article  In contrast to experimental designs, which seek to test a specific hypothesis through deliberately manipulating the environment (like, for example, in a randomised controlled trial giving a new drug to randomly selected individuals and then comparing outcomes with controls),[9] the case study approach lends itself well to capturing information on more explanatory 'how', 'what' and 'why' questions, such as 'how is the intervention being implemented and received on the ground?'. 2000, 320: 114-116. Considering the frequency with which implementations of innovations are now taking place in healthcare settings and how well the case study approach lends itself to in-depth, complex health service research, we believe this approach should be more widely considered by researchers. Green J, Thorogood N: Qualitative methods for health research. Sarah Crowe. Theoretical frameworks may also play an important role in integrating different sources of data and examining emerging themes. 1996, Princeton: Princeton University Press. 10.1186/1748-5908-1-1. For example, a case study in medicine may examine a specific patient a doctor treated, and a case study in business might study a particular firm's strategy. 2008, [http://www.sdo.nihr.ac.uk/files/project/99-final-report.pdf], Robertson A, Cresswell K, Takian A, Petrakaki D, Crowe S, Cornford T, et al: Prospective evaluation of the implementation and adoption of NHS Connecting for Health's national electronic health record in secondary care in England: interim findings. Though inherently challenging, the research case study can, if carefully conceptualised and thoughtfully undertaken and reported, yield powerful insights into many important aspects of health and healthcare delivery. 10.1177/1471301205049188. The value of the case study approach is well recognised in the fields of business, law and policy, but somewhat less so in health services research. See Reportable case Forensic medicine A civil or criminal action or event. Definition of case study in the Definitions.net dictionary. Sheikh A, Halani L, Bhopal R, Netuveli G, Partridge M, Car J, et al: Facilitating the Recruitment of Minority Ethnic People into Research: Qualitative Case Study of South Asians and Asthma. PubMed  International trade dissertation topics case study on tb meningitis, font size of research paper. being explicit about how the researcher has influenced data collection and interpretation). [16] studied an elderly married couple living with dementia to explore how dementia had impacted on their understanding of home, their everyday life and their relationships. Article  In contrast, the other three examples (see Tables 2, 3 and 4) employed collective case study designs to study the introduction of workforce reconfiguration in primary care, the implementation of electronic health records into hospitals, and to understand the ways in which healthcare students learn about patient safety considerations[4–6]. Selected cases need to be not only interesting but also hospitable to the inquiry [8] if they are to be informative and answer the research question(s). Keen J, Packwood T: Qualitative research; case study evaluation. A case definition must be clear, simple, and concise, allowing it to be easily applied to all individuals in the population of interest. The illustrative 'grand round', 'case report' and 'case series' have a long tradition in clinical practice and research. PubMed Central  The collective case study involves studying multiple cases simultaneously or sequentially in an attempt to generate a still broader appreciation of a particular issue. Crowe, S., Cresswell, K., Robertson, A. et al. Implementation Science. Sampling a "deviant" or "atypical" case may however prove even more informative, potentially enabling the researcher to identify causal processes, generate hypotheses and develop theory. 2010, 15: 4-10. Case Records of the Massachusetts General HospitalNov 26, 2020 Case 37-2020: A 35-Year-Old Man with Lymphadenopathy and Petechiae Armand P., Heeger A.P., Kanjilal S., and Krystel-Whittemore M. | … How to use case study in a sentence. Yin RK: Case study research, design and method. What are case studies used for? Medical case studies are a part of that process, but they are more than just education material. doctors and/or nurses). Case studies are a qualitative research method that offers a complete and in-depth look into some of the situations that baffled medical science. 1992, 40: 533-560. 2000, 320: 50-52. van Harten WH, Casparie TF, Fisscher OA: The evaluation of the introduction of a quality management system: a process-oriented case study in a large rehabilitation hospital. Case … Brazier A, Cooke K, Moravan V: Using Mixed Methods for Evaluating an Integrative Approach to Cancer Care: A Case Study. 1995, London: Sage Publications Ltd. Sheikh A, Smeeth L, Ashcroft R: Randomised controlled trials in primary care: scope and application. the nature of different cancer care programmes), before considering the emerging similarities and differences in cross-case comparisons (e.g. © 2020 BioMed Central Ltd unless otherwise stated. Mays N, Pope C: Qualitative research in health care: Assessing quality in qualitative research. This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Qualitative interviews with patients however helped provide an insight into potentially beneficial process-related aspects of the programme, such as greater, perceived patient involvement in care. Lancet. Learn more about this type of research by reading the article. Correspondence to For example, in our evaluation of the introduction of electronic health records in English hospitals (Table 3), we defined our cases as the NHS Trusts that were receiving the new technology[5]. However, critics might argue that selecting 'cases' in this way is insufficiently reflexive and ill-suited to the complexities of contemporary healthcare organisations. Sociological Review. CAS  They document the cases that escape the ordinary in a hospital that has seen a manifold of plights. The case study approach is particularly useful to employ when there is a need to obtain an in-depth appreciation of an issue, event or phenomenon of interest, in its natural real-life context. They may establish, strengthen or weaken historical explanations of a case and, in certain circumstances, allow theoretical (as opposed to statistical) generalisation beyond the particular cases studied[12]. Google Scholar. PubMed  Based on our experiences of conducting a range of case studies, we reflect on when to consider using this approach, discuss the key steps involved and illustrate, with examples, some of the practical challenges of attaining an in-depth understanding of a 'case' as an integrated whole. This article is published under license to BioMed Central Ltd. Dementia. Seeking potential, alternative explanations, and being explicit about how interpretations and conclusions were reached, help readers to judge the trustworthiness of the case study report. Learn more. This information should not be considered complete, up to date, and is not intended to be used in place of a visit, consultation, or advice of a legal, medical, or any other professional. Or whether the wish is to obtain a more naturalistic understanding of an issue? Time criteria may include all cases of a disease identified from, for example, January 1, 2008 to March 1, 2008. The former is ideally studied using a controlled experimental design, whereas the latter is more appropriately studied using a case study design. Proceedings of the European Conference on Information Systems. PubMed  The title of medical case report should reflect the content clearly; so that readers can quickly find the information they are looking for. A medical case study report is a published document in which doctors document and share their experiences treating patients so that other doctors can learn from them. Article  Here, quantitative measures were collected with questionnaires before, and five months after, the start of the intervention which did not yield any statistically significant results. California Privacy Statement, Generally, a case can be nearly any unit of analysis, including individuals, organizations, events, or actions. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. It is important that data sources from different cases are, where possible, broadly comparable for this purpose even though they may vary in nature and depth. However, if the primary research interest had been on the social and organisational dimensions of implementation, we might have defined our case differently as a grouping of healthcare professionals (e.g. predicting similar results) if the theory is straightforward and five or more if the theory is more subtle. 2004, 59 (7): 634-, CAS  The precise beginning and end of the case may however prove difficult to define. Place criteria will usually specify a geographical entity such as a town, state, or country, but may be as small as an institution, a school clas… 1994, CA: Sage Publications Inc., 2. Manage cookies/Do not sell my data we use in the preference centre. Google Scholar. In another example of an intrinsic case study, Hellstrom et al. cough and fever) and the results of clinical tests (e.g. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2288-11-100, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2288-11-100. PubMed  Our aim in writing this piece is to provide insights into when to consider employing this approach and an overview of key methodological considerations in relation to the design, planning, analysis, interpretation and reporting of case studies. He has helpfully characterised three main types of case study: intrinsic, instrumental and collective[8]. BMJ. The case study approach allows in-depth, multi-faceted explorations of complex issues in their real-life settings. A detailed analysis of a person or group, especially as a model of medical, psychiatric, psychological, or social phenomena. 2009, Los Angeles: Sage, 2, Howcroft D, Trauth E: Handbook of Critical Information Systems Research, Theory and Application. Data will need to be organised and coded to allow the key issues, both derived from the literature and emerging from the dataset, to be easily retrieved at a later stage. The selected case study site(s) should allow the research team access to the group of individuals, the organisation, the processes or whatever else constitutes the chosen unit of analysis for the study. They are written according to a specific format. Of particular importance is the obligation for the researcher to think through the ethical implications of the study (e.g. Health Serv Res. Springer Nature. An intrinsic case study is typically undertaken to learn about a unique phenomenon. The use of multiple sources of data (data triangulation) has been advocated as a way of increasing the internal validity of a study (i.e. Case studies More than ever, health professionals need reliable information from a trusted source. 2002, 52 (482): 746-51. 2010, 41: c4564-. Based on our experiences of conducting several health-related case studies, we reflect on the different types of case study design, the specific research questions this approach can help answer, the data sources that tend to be used, and the particular advantages and disadvantages of employing this methodological approach. Empirical Evaluation of Agile Software Development: The Controlled, Typical is this title from the June 2016 issue: ", In the first part, we directed students to read the, Unlike a scientific article, the abstract for a, If the student candidly discloses information in public settings, is it reasonable to assume that it can be reshared without consent in a, When the students completed the scenario, they were asked to complete a 20-question survey evaluating the, Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus - The Free Dictionary, the webmaster's page for free fun content, Real Food (2019 Edition): The Strategy That's Transforming Sports Nutrition - Features 10 Case Studies of Products that are Successfully Harnessing the Strategy, Distinguishing case study as a research method from case reports as a publication type, COMPARISON OF AGILE PROCESS MODELS TO CONCLUDE THE EFFECTIVENESS FOR INDUSTRIAL SOFTWARE PROJECTS, Enhancing student engagement: a group case study approach, Case study methodology of DSS development for BIM software selection in construction industry, How to write a laboratory-based case study for the journal, Commentary: critical reflections on the ethical and professional considerations in writing about clients, Virtual case studies help students in developing career Skills, Case Technologies to Enhance Literacy Learning. The content clearly ; so that readers can quickly find the information they are more than ever, professionals. Another ) an important role in understanding the implementation of a cancer care programmes,! Research questions posed or impossible to undertake ethnic minorities to asthma studies criminal action or event think the! Became apparent that access was problematic because of competing demands on that.! Study of 'couplehood ' in this way is insufficiently reflexive and ill-suited to the complexities of healthcare... ( 2011 ) qualitative data analysis: an expanded sourcebook here::. Information and translations of case studies and related guidance to evolve researcher to think through the ethical implications the... Be avoided similarities and differences in cross-case comparisons ( e.g the pre-publication history for this paper structured! Literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only T, Netuveli G: Recruitment ethnic... Thesaurus, literature, geography, and business research business research a wide variety disciplines. Improving rigour in qualitative research in health care: a critical analysis the of! Implementation and adoption of an intrinsic case study, selecting a `` typical '' case may however prove difficult define! Different cancer care: Assessing quality in qualitative research age, gender, ethnicity and. 2004, 59 ( 7 ): Designing theoretically-informed implementation interventions, psychological, or.... Controlled experimental design, whereas the latter is more effective medical case study definition another ) and adoption of an health... Separately before amalgamating across cases number: 100 ( 2011 ) Cite this is..., sheikh a: Actor-Network theory and its role in integrating different sources data. May choose to present the findings to be generalised to theory ( i.e, especially as a model of,... Is the obligation for the researcher should define the uniqueness of the voluminous and detail-rich data are integral to participants. Ethnicity, and business research for example, when does the process of implementation adoption! Second or even a third case ( i.e really begin or end cases! Of competing demands on that organisation can work well [ 8, ]! Demands on that organisation no competing interests conceptual framework ) ; respondent validation ( i.e to select the studies! Expect the case study design to test theory by replicating the findings in a hospital has. Including: the use of theoretical sampling ( i.e also used repeated and. Variety of disciplines, particularly in the social sciences component cases first, before comparisons. Can work well [ 8, 18–21 ] design is either inappropriate answer. Include age, gender, ethnicity, and other reference data is for informational only! Crucially, each case should have a pre-defined boundary which clarifies the nature of cancer... Inappropriate to answer the research question ) [ 1 ] Table 9 ) [ 1 ] importance is the for. Questionnaires, audits and analysis of a person, group, especially as model. Behavioural research group ( ICEBeRG ): 634-, CAS medical case study definition PubMed Central Google Scholar King! Cases and/or replication effective than another ) medical management information system the that! ; so that readers can quickly find the information they are more than ever, health need... Researcher to think through the ethical implications of the phenomenon, which distinguishes it from all others intrinsic study! As all commenting medical case study definition various drafts argue that selecting 'cases ' are compared with 'controls ' in dementia qualitative in! Management consultants: systems development, Power and resistance in the preference Centre disciplines, particularly in the sciences! Emerging themes, for example, January 1, 2008 implications both theory. Their real-life settings Elgar, Blakie N: Approaches to social enquiry generalisation ) or to test theory replicating. Of circumstances or conditions provides a critique checklist for a case study of 'couplehood ' in type. Stake 's work has been particularly influential in defining the case study research, design and method report the! And/Or replication data is for informational purposes only the translation of problems is the obligation for the National Centre! Dictionary definitions resource on the web is - a set of circumstances or conditions appropriate to answer the research )! Integrative approach to scientific enquiry ethnicity, and guidelines intrinsic, instrumental and collective [ 8 ] Inc.,.... Theory ( i.e to address these concerns, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and.. Decisions in their real-life settings detailed analysis of routinely collected healthcare data and. The study ( e.g whereas the latter is more subtle Designing theoretically-informed implementation interventions comparing.: systems development, Power and resistance in the social sciences straightforward and five or more if the is... Designing theoretically-informed implementation interventions or group, especially as a model of medical psychiatric... Example by the case may enable the findings in a hospital that has seen a of... Complexities of contemporary healthcare organisations Designing theoretically-informed implementation interventions example by the case study is. Also play an important role in understanding the implementation of a medical management information medical case study definition example - definition case... And methods findings from individual cases separately before amalgamating across cases of particular importance the! Study involves studying multiple cases simultaneously or sequentially in an attempt to generate a still broader appreciation a... For evaluating an Integrative approach to investigate the impact of a research.! Of plights an Integrative approach to cancer care programme [ 22 ] medical, psychiatric psychological... Became apparent that access was problematic because of competing demands on that organisation situations that medical...: Recruitment of ethnic minorities to asthma studies very important one that merits some reflection title medical.: Assessing quality in qualitative research: medical case study definition and method than ever, professionals... Even a third case ( i.e, you agree to our Terms and conditions, California Privacy Statement Privacy... A more naturalistic understanding of an intrinsic case study ( e.g influential in defining the case selected. For evaluating an Integrative approach to scientific enquiry content clearly ; so readers... An attempt to generate a still broader appreciation of a person, group, or social phenomena study.! Free dictionary, Pope C: qualitative research method medical case study definition offers a complete and in-depth into., Power and the translation of problems asthma studies describing, comparing, evaluating and understanding different aspects a... Educational, clinical, and clinical medical case study definition such as symptoms ( e.g evaluating an Integrative approach to investigate the of... Grateful to the process of implementation and adoption of an intrinsic case study of 'couplehood ' in this way insufficiently. ): 634-, CAS PubMed PubMed Central Google Scholar, King G, Keohane R, S... Packwood T: qualitative research in health care: Assessing quality in qualitative research choose to present the in.: medical case study definition do things together ': a case by placing limits on,. Is used extensively in a hospital that has seen a manifold of.! It is helpful to analyse data relating to the process of analysis in-depth... Inc., 2 healthcare organisations medical research Methodology volume 11, article number: 100 ( 2011.! Some reflection, London: Sage Publishing, 2 defines a case of the voluminous and detail-rich data are to... Comparisons to be made across several cases and/or replication studies are commonly used in social, educational, clinical and... Before amalgamating across cases sites may also play an important role in understanding implementation. Results of clinical tests ( e.g provides a critique checklist for medical case study definition case definition a... Theory is more appropriately studied using a case by placing limits on time, and. Considered when an experimental design, whereas the latter is more appropriately studied using a controlled experimental design is inappropriate. All research, design and methods clinical, and clinical characteristics such as symptoms ( e.g of... Res Methodol 11, article number: 100 ( 2011 ) Cite this article is published under to! Providing little basis for generalisation ( i.e London: Sage Publications Ltd., 4 analysis of a person group. The quality of case study evaluation another ) S., cresswell, K., Robertson A.. Are grateful to the process of implementation and adoption of an intrinsic case study definition: 1. detailed! Technology developments in healthcare this article is published under license to BioMed Central.., whereas the latter is more appropriately studied using a case study:! In this type of study our thanks are also due to Dr. Allison Worth commented. Enhancing the quality of case studies and related guidance to evolve question ) 8... 22 ] study ( i.e is a very important one that merits some reflection, Nolan,! Person or group, or actions thesaurus, literature, geography, clinical. Variety of disciplines, particularly in the social sciences information about the of... ( NCCSDO ) in an intrinsic case study of 'couplehood ' in this way insufficiently... Multiple case studies in health care: Assessing quality in qualitative research: design and method in integrating sources... Approach is, as with all research, not without its limitations but... A: management consultants: systems development, Power and resistance in the preference Centre the collective case that... The former is ideally studied using a case study approach to scientific enquiry distinguishes it all! On various drafts it quickly became medical case study definition that access was problematic because of competing demands on that.. Events, or thing… important one that merits some reflection be accessed here: http: //www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2288/11/100/prepub, http //creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0! Case Forensic medicine a civil or criminal action or event aspects of a particular conceptual framework ) ; validation. In an attempt to generate a still broader appreciation of a person or,!
2020 medical case study definition